(Des Moines, IA) -- The Iowa Department Health and Human Services announces the first case of the West Nile virus in the state this year. The infection is of an older adult, age 61-80, in Plymouth County, in far northwestern Iowa. The case was confirmed by a test at the State Hygienic Lab. Nine Iowans were diagnosed with West Nile virus last year, with no deaths reported.
The Iowa Department of Health and Human Services (hereinafter, "Iowa DHHS") says someone infected with West Nile virus may not experience any symptoms, but others could have mild or more serious symptoms.
Generally, those infected recover on their own, according to Iowa DHHS. However, they say more serious cases require immediate medical attention. Symptoms can include,
- Muscle weakness
In a press statement, Iowa DHHS says the virus is spread mainly through mosquito bites, and for the best protection, use an insect repellent with:
- Oil of lemon eucalyptus
- 2-undecanone, or,
Iowa DHHS also says to make sure to check the labels with certain repellents, as some should not be used on children under three year of age. They also say if also using sunscreen, apply sunscreen first and insect repellant after that. It is also recommended that people avoid being outdoors between dawn and dusk, during times of high mosquito activity, and to clear any standing water from areas of your property.